SORE THROAT IN ADULTS
DEFINITION: Sore throat is defined as inflammation of the tonsils, pharynx or larynx. It is also referred to as acute pharyngitis.
SYMPTOMS: Symptoms can include all or some of the following: pain in the throat, fever, enlarged lymph glands in the neck and white patches of pus on the side or back of the throat. Some associated symptoms can also be present such as runny or congested nose, irritation or redness of the eyes, cough, hoarseness or soreness in the roof of the mouth.
CAUSES: The most common culprits are viruses and bacteria. Specifically, strep throat is most of caused by the bacterium group A streptococcus.
TREATMENT: Treatment includes ibuprofen and acetaminophen for fever and pain, salt-water gargles, sprays containing topical anesthetics, and lozenges for throat pain or to relieve dryness. Other treatments to help relieve throat pain include sipping warm beverages (honey or lemon tea, chicken soup), cold beverages, or eating cold or frozen desserts (ice cream, popsicles). Treatment with antibiotics is recommended for adults whose rapid test or throat culture is positive for strep throat or other bacteria.
*Always consult your physician before initiating any over the counter treatment.