MIGRAINE HEADACHE IN ADULTS
Migraine is defined as periodic attacks of headaches on one or both sides of the head with or without aura.
Symptoms can include all or some of the following: pain in the head that is dull, deep and steady often time becoming throbbing and pulsatile; nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and noise, runny nose, or teary eyes. Aura are symptoms that occur before the headache such as flashing lights, bright spots, zigzag lines; numbness or tingling in the fingers, lips, tongue or lower face.
Migraines are associated with both genetic and environmental factors. Common triggers include stress, worry, menstrual periods, fatigue, lack of sleep, hunger, certain foods or drinks and certain medications or chemicals.
Acute treatment includes pain relievers such as aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen or Excedrin©. Anti-nausea medications such as promethazine, metoclopramide or prochlorperazine are used to alleviate nausea and/or vomiting. Triptans (such as Imitrex©, Maxalt©, Axert©, Zomig©) are prescription migraine-specific medications to relieve acute pain. Preventive treatment consists of beta blockers, antidepressants, anti-seizure medications or calcium channel blockers.
*Always consult your physician before initiating any over the counter treatment.